Gum swelling with or without pain can indicate a severe mouth infection. If that swelling is mild, you may need a periodontal evaluation for its cause. But if that swelling is severe or extends to your face, it is considered severe and needs immediate attention.
Some causes of gum swelling are:
- Gingival Abscess – a swelling that occurs when something foreign gets stuck under your gums. One common culprit of a gingival abscess is something like a popcorn kernel. Typically, it will work itself out on its own. But if the swelling continues or worsens, you should be evaluated with a scheduled appointment.
- Periodontal Abscess – a swelling that occurs when patients have severe periodontal disease with an active infection that requires prompt attention. If the area is in the mouth only without pain, you can call the office for an appointment. However, if the swelling has spread to your face and you’re are experiencing pain, you have a severe infection that requires immediate attention.
- Pericoronitis – inflammation around the gum tissue surrounding a partially erupted tooth. While this inflammation is usually mild and can resolve on its own with proper oral home care, it can become severe if you experience severe pain and face swelling and will require immediate attention.